Can You Claim Medical Malpractice When Injured During Recovery in Louisiana?

boy-elastic-rope-exercise-equipment-176794-683x1024Typically, the scary aspect of surgery is over when the procedure ends and the person wakes up from the anesthesia. The last thing most people expect is to get injured after the surgery is already over. Unfortunately for one Iberia Parish woman, her troubles were only beginning even though she had a successful surgery. That being said, can you claim medical malpractice while you are recovering?

Mrs. Rachel Broussard underwent a surgery replacing her left knee, and was subsequently to be transferred to Lafayette Rehab following the surgery. A Lafayette Rehab employee arrived in a company van to transport her from the hospital, and Mrs. Broussard was loaded into the van in her wheelchair by the employee. On the ride to the rehabilitation center, the driver suddenly braked to avoid a car wreck, whereon Mrs. Broussard allegedly fell out of the wheelchair and on the floor of the vehicle, causing severe pain.

After the incident, Mrs. Broussard filed a lawsuit for the damages of the injury, naming Lafayette Rehab as defendant. Further, her husband, Mr. Broussard, sought money from loss of consortium. Lafayette Rehab responded with a Dilatory Exception of Prematurity, arguing that the lawsuit was filed too soon. Lafayette Rehand contended that the Broussards’ allegations had to be reviewed by a Medical Review Panel before they could bring the lawsuit, because they fell under the Louisiana Medical Malpractice Act.

The trial court granted a hearing on the subject, and sided with Lafayette Rehab, granting the exception of prematurity. The Broussards filed a Motion for a Rehearing and New Trial, because they contended that the lawsuit arose out of the injuries from an automobile accident, not from the facts of a medical malpractice case. The trial court granted a hearing to hear the Broussards’ motion, but ultimately denied it because the Broussard’s attorney did not comply with the memorandum requirements of the court.

Louisiana law mandates that a new trial must be granted when the judgment is clearly “contrary to the law” and evidence. La. C.C.P. art. 1972. Further, a judge can grant a new trial if there is “good ground” to do so. La. C.C.P. art. 1973. In both circumstances, the appellate court will not overrule the motion unless there was an abuse of the trial court’s discretion. Henderson v. Sellers, 861 So.2d 923 (La. Ct. App. 2003). Technical errors are not grounds for granting a new trial. Gauthier v. Gauthier, 886 So.2d 681, 686 (La. Ct. App. 2004).

The Broussard’s appealed the denial of their motion to the State of Louisiana Third Circuit Court of Appeal on two grounds. First, the trial court was in error when it granted the exception of prematurity to Lafayette Rehab. Second, that the trial court’s denial of the Broussard’s motion for a new trial was an abuse of its discretion.

The court did not agree with the Broussard’s first argument that the trial court should not have granted the exception of prematurity. Yet, the Broussard’s prevailed on the second argument, because the Court found that the trial court abused its discretion when it ruled in the absence of the Broussards’ attorney because they had a statutory right to submit evidence in opposition to Lafeyette Rehab’s motion. Though their attorney failed to file an opposition response to the exception of prematurity, the attorney did notify the court that he intended to introduce evidence against the motion at the hearing, where the trial court chose to rule instead. Because the Court found the trial court abused its discretion, it also chose to use its own permitted discretion to grant a new trial for the Broussards.

Overall, the Broussards’ likely lucked out with the Court’s ruling, given that cases reviewed under the abuse of discretion standard typically are not successful. This case demosntrates why an experienced attorney is required to help not only in the appellate process but is also necessary on the trial level.

Additional Sources: JUDE BROUSSARD ANDRACHEL GREMILLION BROUSSARDVERSUSLAFAYETTE PHYSICALREHABILITATION HOSPITAL, LLC

Written by Berniard Law Firm Blog Writer: Nicole Kelly

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