Decisiveness can be an excellent quality, especially in a judge. Court dockets are usually quite full and it can take a very long time for cases to be resolved. Whenever there is a confusion over which law to apply, however, patience is the greater virtue. In a lawsuit, lawyers will often request relief under various laws in hopes that one will bring success. In a recent case out of Venice, Louisiana, the Louisiana Fourth Circuit Court of Appeal reminded an Office of Workers’ Compensation Judge (“WCJ”) just how important patience is when issuing an order in a case with competing theories of recovery.
Shawn Johnson was a mechanic for The Wood Group working on its oil production platforms when he was injured in a boat collision on Grand Pass on March 12, 2014. Grand Pass is a fishing channel, known as “the jump”, which is located close to Venice, Louisiana, in St. Bernard Parish. After the accident, Mr. Johnson filed claims for compensation under both the Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Act (“LWCA”) and the federal Longshore and Harbor Workers’ Compensation Act (“LHWCA”). At a December 19, 2014, hearing, the WCJ dismissed Mr. Johnson’s LWCA claim with prejudice asserting the WCJ lacked jurisdiction because the claim did not fall under the LWCA. The dismissal with prejudice would prohibit Mr. Johnson from refiling his LWCA claim. Mr. Johnson’s LHWCA claim before a federal court was still pending at the time of the dismissal.
In the judgment, the WCJ did not explicitly find that Mr. Johnson’s claim was covered by the LHWCA. Instead, she found that his claim did not fall under the LWCA. In her reasoning, the WCJ said that there is no longer concurrent jurisdiction so if a claim falls under any federal statute, that would preclude a state claim. The WCJ did not wait however for a definitive determination by the federal court on whether Mr. Johnson’s claim fell under the LHWCA. If both claims were dismissed with prejudice Mr. Johnson would be completely deprived of relief. Mr. Johnson appealed the case to the Fourth Circuit only requesting that the case is dismissed without prejudice (meaning it could be refiled) just in case the LHWCA claim did not survive.
According to La. R.S. 23:1035.2, if Mr. Johnson is eligible to receive benefits under a federal law, the state law precludes him from receiving benefits under the Louisiana scheme. See Flowers v. Coastal Cargo Co., Inc., 815 So.2d 198 (La. Ct. App. 2002). The WCJ has wide discretion over its docket however the Court of Appeal can overturn the WCJ if the WCJ abuses its discretion.
The Louisiana Fourth Circuit Court of Appeal found that the WCJ abused her discretion in dismissing Mr. Johnson’s claim with prejudice before a federal court made a definitive determination that he is receiving, or eligible to receive, federal benefits. If the federal court decides that he is not eligible for federal benefits, he would have no remedy for compensation in state court since his case had been already dismissed with prejudice by the WCJ. The proper course for the WCJ, according to the Fourth Circuit, would have been to wait until the federal court had decided on Mr. Johnson’s eligibility for benefits before ruling that his case did not fall under the Louisiana statute. The Fourth Circuit vacated, or set aside, that judgment, and remanded it back to the Office of Workers’ Compensation with instructions not to hear Mr. Johnson’s case until the federal court made their definitive determination on his case. An appellate court will defer to the discretion of a trial court to control and manage their docket, but it will step in if there exists an abuse of that discretion.
Clients and lawyers certainly appreciate a fast acting judge, especially with the oversized dockets of many courts. However, judges can act too quickly sometimes and this case demonstrates the importance of appellate review of lower court decisions. The actions of a good lawyer in filing an appeal certainly saved this case from potentially complete deprivation of all relief.
Additional Sources: SHAWN JOHNSON VERSUS ACE AMERICAN INSURANCE CO., THE WOOD GROUP
Written by Berniard Law Firm Blog Writer: Sandra Sinclair
Additional Berniard Law Firm Articles on Louisiana Workers’ Compensation Claims: Louisiana Appellate Court Rejects Plaintiff’s Workers’ Compensation Claim in Part